Need to know about skin
The skin is made up of 3 main layers – the epidermis on the outside and the dermis underneath, with the hypodermis below that. Tanning both sun and spray takes part on the epidermis, however in different places.
The epidermis is made up of several layers of skin. The bottom layer (closes to the dermis) is called the stratum basal. This area is affected when sun tanning or UV tanning.
The stratum corneum is the top layer of the epidermis. This is the area affected when spray tanning.
Diagnosing Different Skin Types
The Fitzpatrick Scale is a numerical classification scheme for the color of skin. It was developed in 1975 by Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, a Harvard dermatologist, as a way to classify the response of different types of skin to UV light. It remains a recognised tool for dermatologic research into the color of skin and is useful when determining the appropriate spray tan solution for your client.
It measures several components: Genetic Disposition, Reaction to Sun Exposure and Tanning Habits
The Fitzpatrick Scale:
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